Jesus’ Fulfillment of Old Testament Prophecy


Jesus’ Fulfillment of Old Testament Prophecy

Description NT Reference Prophetic Passage(s)
The virgin birth Matthew 1.22-23 Isaiah 7.14 (LXX)
The Messiah originating
from Bethlehem
Matthew 2.5-6 Combination of Micah 5.2
2 Samuel 5.2
The holy family escapes to
Matthew 2.15 Hosea 11.1
The massacre of the
Matthew 2.17-18 Jeremiah 31.15
The holy family settles in
Matthew 2.23 No clear OT referent;
possibly alluding to
, or to the OT
concept of a Nazirite
Judges 13.5, 7;
16.17; 1 Samuel 2).
John the Baptist as
precursor to Jesus
Matthew 3.3; Mark 1.2-3;
Luke 3.4-6
Combines elements of
Malachi 3.1; Isaiah 40.3;
Exodus 23.20.
Jesus settles in
Capernaum, in the
territory of Zebulun and
Matthew 4.14-16 Isaiah 9.1-2
Jesus claims to fulfill the
Law and the Prophets
Matthew 5.17 No specific OT referent.
Jesus’ ministry of healing
and exorcism
Matthew 8.17 Isaiah 53.4
Jesus appeals to Isaianic
prophecy as proof that he
is “the one coming to the
Matthew 11.4-6; compare
John 6.14
Likely based on Isaiah
29.18-19; 35.5-6; 61.1-2
John the Baptist prepares
the way for Jesus
Matthew 11.10; Luke 7.27 Based on Malachi 3.1.
The secrecy of Jesus’
Matthew 12.17-21 Isaiah 42.1-4
Jesus offers the sign of
Matthew 12.39-40; 16.4;
Luke 11.29-30
Jesus here refers to the
story of Jonah more
broadly rather than to a
specific prophetic quote.
The reason for Jesus’
parabolic teaching
Matthew 13.14-15; Mark
; Luke 8.10
Isaiah 6.9-10
More prophetic support
for Jesus’ parabolic
Matthew 13.35 Psalm 78.2
Jesus sitting on a donkey’s
Matthew 21.4-5; John
Zechariah 9.9; see also
Isaiah 62.11.
“Blessed is he (or, the
king) who comes in the
name of the Lord”
Mark 11.9; Luke 19.38;
John 12.13
Psalm 118.26
The suffering death of the
Son of Man at the hands of
Gentiles, and the
Luke 18.31-33 “the prophets.”
The betrayal of the Son of
Matthew 26.24; Mark
No clear OT references.
The desertion by the
Matthew 26.31; Mark
Based on Zechariah 13.7;
Isaiah 53.6.
Jesus’ violent arrest Matthew 26.56 “the scriptures of the
The chief priests use
Judas’ abandoned blood
money to purchase a
Matthew 27.9-10 Matthew attributes the
quote to Jeremiah
(possibly thinking of both
Jeremiah 18.1-3 and 32.6-15), though the text is a
paraphrase of
The mistreatment of the
Son of Man
Mark 9.12 No clear OT references.Perhaps based partly on
Psalm 22.7.
The rejection of Jesus Mark 12.10-11; Acts 4.11;
Ephesians 2.20; 1 Peter
Psalm 118.22-23
Jesus presents himself as
a fulfillment of Isaianic

Luke 4.18-21 Combines elements of
Isaiah 61.1-2; 58.6.
Jesus “counted among the
Luke 22.37 Based on Isaiah 53.12.
The resurrected Jesus
interprets scripture with
reference to Himself
Luke 24.26-27 No clear OT reference.
“everything that is
written about me … must
be fulfilled.”
Luke 24.44 “the law of Moses and the
prophet and psalms.”
Jesus, the one about
whom Moses and the
prophets wrote
John 1.45 No explicit OT reference.
The cleansing of the
John 2.17 Psalm 69.9
Moses wrote about Jesus John 5.39, 40, 46, 47 No explicit OT reference.
Jesus is the prophet like
John 6.14; Acts 3.22-23 Deuteronomy 18.15-20
The Messiah is descended
from David, and from
John 7.42 Psalm 89.4; Micah 5.2
Authorities deny that
scripture predicts a
prophet from Galilee
John 7.52 No explicit OT reference.
The rejection of Jesus John 12.38-40 Quotes from Isaiah 6.10;
Hatred of Jesus John 15.25 Likely based on Psalm
35.19; 69.4; 109.3
Roman soldiers divide
Jesus’ clothes and cast
lots for his tunic
John 19.24 Psalm 22.18
The Messiah must rise
from the dead
John 20.9 No explicit OT reference.
Christ’s death took place
according to God’s plan
Acts 2.23 Here “plan” may allude to
prophetic fulfillment,
i.e., that God’s plan
concerning Christ is
discernible in the OT.
Christ’s resurrection was
spoken of by David
Acts 2.25-28 Psalm 16.8-11
The Messiah’s resurrection Acts 2.31; 13.32-33;
Psalm 2.7; 16.10
God, through the
prophets, foretold the
suffering of the Messiah
Acts 3.18 Referring back to the
proof-texts in
Acts 2.23-31.
Gentile authorities stand
against the Messiah
Acts 4.25-26 Psalm 2.1-2
Philip teaches the
Ethiopian eunuch that
Isaianic prophecy refers to
Acts 8.32-35 Isaiah 53.7-8
The prophets testify to
Jesus and forgiveness of
sins through his name
Acts 10.43 “the prophets.”
Jesus the savior from the
seed of David
Acts 13.22-23 No specific OT reference.
The death of the Messiah Acts 13.29; Acts 26.22-23;
1 Peter 1.10-11
“the prophets and Moses”
Acts 26.22
The Messiah’s resurrection
and protection from
Acts 13.34-35 Isaiah 55.3 (LXX); Psalm
The gospel promised
beforehand in the
Romans 1.2 “through his prophets.”
The righteousness of God
through faith in Christ is
attested by the Law and
the Prophets
Romans 3.21-22 “the law and the
“Out of Zion will come
the Deliverer”
Romans 11.26-27 Isaiah 59.20-21
“Christ did not please
Romans 15.3 Psalm 68.10
Christ became a “servant
of the circumcised” so
that Gentiles would come
to glorify God
Romans 15.9-12; Acts
Psalm 18.49;
Deuteronomy 32.43 (LXX);
Psalm 117.1; Isaiah 11.10
“Christ died for our sins in
accordance with the
1 Corinthians 15.3-4 No specific OT reference.
Christ became a “life-giving spirit” as a natural
development from the
fleshly Adam
1 Corinthians 15.45 Genesis 2.7
Christ became a curse Galatians 3.13 See Genesis 12.3;
Deuteronomy 27.15-26;
God’s Son was temporarily
made “a little lower than
the angels”
Hebrews 2.7 Psalm 8.4-6
The Messiah’s death and
1 Peter 1.10-11 “the prophets.”

Barry, J. D., Grigoni, M. R., Heiser, M. S., Custis, M., Mangum, D., & Whitehead, M. M. (2012). Faithlife Study Bible. Bellingham, WA. Logos Bible Software.

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